The Constitution is the supreme legal act of one country, which regulates, among other things, the state organization, authorities of public bodies and freedoms and rights of citizens. Respecting the Constitution is a direct condition for the existence of the rule of law. No government or authority may be above those stipulated by the Constitution.
Serbia is one of the first countries to adopt a democratic constitution. It is the Constitution of the Principality of Serbia created by Dimitrije Davidović. The Constitution, known as Sretenje Constitution, since it was chosen on the holiday of Presentation of Jesus at the Temple, was effective for only two weeks, as it limited the self-will of Prince Miloš Obrenović, and all great forces on the political scene of that time were against it – the Ottoman Empire, Russia and Austria.
The current Constitution of the Republic of Serbia was declared after a referendum on 8 November 2006.